Myth Busting the “Facts” About Medieval People

By Jake Schroeder
Kjorww2ofsivfju9nxyjupqieaknq8 Ge8akmvbvr0hw Fewegxy4ad3wyzhcsv5pzafcw4f B Qfccdcim1ixzoqfybllsonvbwbncxp6 Affzc Perchkajbwfhzkhoyzs780lqddeflt7a
Photo Courtesy: Michael Nicholson/Getty Images

Most of our ideas about what life was like during medieval times have been distorted — or even completely falsified — by movies and TV shows. Producers and entertainment companies have taken a lot of creative freedoms to make stories more dramatic and more entertaining. If you ignore actual historians and rely on Hollywood for details, you can trust that a lot of what you believe to be true isn’t true at all.

From how people dressed and what they ate to the degree of control exerted by the church, many so-called facts about medieval people are nothing more than fiction. Let’s take a look at some common myths that have been busted wide open.

People Only Drank Alcohol

It has often been said that medieval people only drank alcohol because the water was so polluted. The myth implies that to avoid diseases, people stuck to beer and wine, but as fun as that might sound, it simply isn’t true.

Gdafpf2prdkjvygs8we1f7qsacfzow6aqckecnvockceunyhp9vzayhcberqcxmqoz0wfrf9ifqxsebdd3ccf9 Ok0pdng Pqrk31cmsxavip8vrx11vihdmevymvrqpxyyi8bjbs7eljtqklq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

However, it is true that drinking water was primarily a habit of only the low-ranking members of society. As workers often had very strenuous jobs working in fields, they needed water to remain hydrated through the day. Beer and wine were seen as more substantive drinks, but drinking water from a well was fine too.

Bathing Was Unimportant

One popular misconception about those living in medieval times is that they never bathed. The idea stems from the fact that bathrooms weren't installed in homes yet. Because they had to drag in tubs and fill them with water, it was assumed the average person probably only bathed a few times a year.

Daivl4kfr1nivssn4o564n40xhutfffy3siswq8sarrjobzqv2upojzs9fafgryf2nkeshs9o6qxy25pcjpvgloztfuqqueotdvavqwblxqryuq2i34jqsaoaoz2j1nftdxzb0jnlvnn Urosg
Photo Courtesy: Christopher Fine Art/Getty Images

In truth, they cleaned themselves directly in nearby water sources at the end of the day, typically a stream near their homes. This was done fairly regularly, although hygiene probably did vary from one person to the next. Regardless, the people weren’t as unwashed and dirty as portrayed by Hollywood.

Human Waste Was Dumped into the Streets

Some unsavory people during medieval times may have dumped their excrement into the streets, sparking this ugly myth, but it wasn’t a common practice. For starters, people living in rural areas — as most did — had no reason to do this, as there was no shortage of fields or gardens for emptying these pots.

Afi9g9vtt Pettdkigxdio0nj91amppcsc23pvopvumvnzol5au3nr2khqjgdfgsfvsnuuxgp2o0ce F 9yiyt7zfx Wqk6ompw Irgwc14tw2dajblnoomdmpehrfh2tqwaxavjsdao7wrrja
Photo Courtesy: ullstein bild/Getty Images

Laws were also enforced during this time about where people could dump their waste. Muckrakers patrolled the streets to literally keep them clean. In some cases, people took their waste to a designated drain or gutter, and it would be washed away by the next rainfall.

Advertisement

Clothing Was Bland

TV shows and movies that take place in medieval times often show people dressed in bland colors such as brown or dirty and tattered clothing with dull coloring. In actuality, the style of clothing at the time included particularly bright colors.

Fyjl9m543ntaps4efh Yzqqfj8loicle Ehir4dndbp2lam9bd Mvu4azsze55vpqqbx9u1n I H So18gvumaqdsqytxareycfb Mr30b4i0lzqihmcwpox6gqgohlhuvvd7gv8sadhvbeh1q
Photo Courtesy: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Vibrant colored clothing was seen as something of a status symbol as well, because dyeing the fabrics different colors took more time, effort and money. Purple was viewed as a high-class color — which explains the connection to royalty — and peasants rarely wore it. Green and red were also seen as higher-class clothing colors because they cost more to make.

Table Manners Were Nonexistent

Movies and TV shows have reinforced the idea that medieval feasts involved guests who lacked any manners or etiquette at all. On screen, they often toss bones and food at one another, and mealtime brawls are common. Although some dinner guests during this rather rugged time in history may have behaved this way, it would be wrong to assume this was how everyone dined in the Middle Ages.

Xyr0ubshqpsvyswxrpt3vkiavr6obdqu5kis60mw5xgh6ts9ennd15id2bu6o7k1celhfj67khvdumn Xxkpwub479skemahaq Un Wzvztmkh2scpspu9mf6wuj3dfmjv6tlqhqryusgtoltg
Photo Courtesy: Heritage Images/Getty Images

Depending on who you were dining with, different etiquette existed at the dinner table. If you were dining with a lord or nobleman, strict etiquette was required for everyone to avoid offending anyone. The rules were less strict for peasants.

They Slept Like Modern People

People in medieval times didn’t sleep in the same way we sleep today. The general process for modern society is to fall asleep at night and wake up in the morning after 6 to 8 hours of sleep. People in medieval times often woke up in the middle of the night and stayed awake for about an hour or two during a period called "the wake."

E69 Dy0jsqqd5wfqgtnadjep7iuvxjjtinm1cjg2sehubzorjuagapu1shd5ikre Istruxm Z0nrbmwm4dxqzs6 Lj2bgwtqbnvaqwcncqunuaus0kvzq0etoodz6igfeox9sdjqglzayvqtw
Photo Courtesy: HoHum/Wikimedia Commons

It was common during the time for someone to lie down for their "first sleep" at night, wake sometime after midnight for "the wake" and then go back to sleep for their "second sleep." This process may have evolved from the greater need for diligence in the middle of the night for safety purposes.

Advertisement

People Never Traveled Outside Their Villages

Peasants were bound to the land they worked for their lords. Each one was given a particular piece of land, and he was expected to manage it well. This led to the belief that peasants never left their homes and traveled outside their own villages. This so-called fact isn’t true at all.

8wd47vlzvvnw24qohr6 N 9w0n1nilvyy Sof52z8wg9yh9x9l4qlq7d5l6umfe56ntvdqouk9buivwm21hpcu1oxbcglanysrv Ssvyt3jrnpqf Lwnu5sfmhnxhfhd9sbbmgwhxud Bs6ijq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

Peasants often traveled from their villages to other nearby towns for trading purposes. They were also known to go on pilgrimages to visit other family members. They probably didn’t travel as much as we do today, but they definitely traveled outside their villages.

Food Was Bland

It's commonly believed that food during medieval times was bland and flavorless, but that isn’t true. During this period in history, even the poor had access to a wide array of spices they could use to make their food taste better.

Ofgu5 K1s Rym C8d1epvekqrc7gjdge3qbhlh5b9t9fchduhrqb23j0tfws36jyqgiteycjlczyymiwo01wm5pwizlnvqm8l3behlj3c V Mwcthampgqoup Ytrdnva37278bb4fbtjekduq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

Families grew a range of herbs in their gardens that could be added to foods at no cost to them, other than the diligence required to care for the plants. People in higher social classes dined on five- to seven-course meals, which exceeds the standards of most modern diners. By the 14th century, nearly every village in England was close to a market that sold exotic, delicious foods.

Everyone Believed the Earth Was Flat

People have known the world is round for thousands of years. The belief that those in the Middle Ages thought the world was flat goes back to the Victorian age. People during that time were convinced that the Middle Ages were a time of such barbarism and anti-intellectualism that somehow the knowledge the world was round was lost.

Fglcpndyobs7vmjufajsklraljr7nb5uh3f3cauk4u4lyteowhvluygxaydsid2xh1ebabts4j3goyab25n99vt3n1q0w6fp3fc8ymxu3eorq Xkge3znmqx7rh2gmd3gpahmiohhhkc1g4vg
Photo Courtesy: Science and Society Picture Archive/Getty Images

A lot of evidence to the contrary exists, however. It’s true many people were opposed to Christopher Columbus' maiden voyage, but it was because they thought he had misjudged the size of the world, not because they thought he would fall off the edge of it.

Advertisement

Laws Didn’t Exist

It’s a commonly held misconception that medieval times were a lawless period of anarchy and extremely dangerous people, but that simply isn't the case. There were laws governing everything from trade to what people from different classes could wear. You could even be fined for doing something simple, like knocking off a person's hat.

Difybb6dxb4ojrb0pfoglglzb23coefnc9 2mxtdxgg Py7m Rsnchib3n2kaw 9bj L 7onjwzxap Yp8s Dfqzulspeufarxpos5a7dh00mdzojh Q420s9kughmqoofrqhi Al5mnnr3v8a
Photo Courtesy: Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Taxes were very strict during this period as well. Tax collectors could actually enter people’s homes, calculate the value of all their belongings and then determine what they owed in taxes. People also volunteered as night watchmen to help keep the peace and prevent crime.

People Were Ignorant

A common representation depicted by Hollywood movies and TV shows is that people during medieval times weren't very smart or educated. In fact, the Middle Ages are notable for producing some of the world's best thinkers and some of the top academic institutions that exist in the world.

Sxkxealkwj04ts5ga Cmd4llwlyaaklevyamoz1is8cxch0hkxf Rogqsnrbli9qhhhgpdb4tdldfqwurpqxyw9ddsrefwj2ozvyaapyiso9l Dpcj7h2wgabytreyhtizr82kubeq9kn3kxha
Photo Courtesy: Leinad-Z/Wikimedia Commons

For example, the Italian philosopher, diplomat and poet Niccolo Machiavelli and the poet Dante Alighieri lived during the period. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge were also established during this period. Amazing, right? Contrary to popular belief, scholars and academics played a large role in medieval society.

Period Was Like the Dark Ages

The idea that the period following the fall of the Roman Empire should be known as the Dark Ages largely came from scholars with a heavy bias toward ancient Rome. There is some truth to the idea that certain parts of society regressed during this period. Literacy rates dropped, and innovations like Roman cement — amazing stuff! — were lost.

6xdr4twht7ko5dti3w2pdjkugkavivilmtkzp5xns5weubxqjifxcbyrdkpob Xntehym95yst1uptdixellyobfawqnhehhsvxiymz1pjprz F Mh6no5ehqqovwc9zfv0slzfxyaca5osmg
Photo Courtesy: Leinad-Z/Wikimedia Commons

The scholar Petrarch viewed ancient Rome and Greece as the pinnacle of society. He looked down on anything related to the Middle Ages, but modern scholars largely attribute his attitude to that bias. In truth, the Middle Ages produced great art, scholars and many accomplishments.

Advertisement

Earth Was at the Center of the Universe

In addition to the misconception that people in the Middle Ages thought the world was flat, many also think they thought the Earth was the center of the Universe. Copernicus had already proven the Earth wasn’t the center of the universe well before Galileo was punished by the church for expressing his opinions on the matter.

Fpyria0uzzcfwzj40b6y Rhsg Uriyt Tac8qtbjc5uqkjbqapc4avhqfgm Vglbcxhvhffqxhhzbu0rnzlyyixcghjyxthyvbjfshyimdbsab6zmu5lrcuctxolz5rbgs89nqpxmy9mgj4y2a
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

This idea that the people during the Middle Ages still thought the Earth was the center of it all is another example of scholars claiming this time period featured regression of scientific thought and high levels of superstition. Both the regression and the superstition were inflated by those scholars.

Medicine Was Based on Superstition

You have probably heard stories of medieval medical practices that involved attaching leeches to a sick person to suck out tainted blood. Well, that happened, unfortunately, but medicine during the Middle Ages wasn’t based solely on superstition. Practitioners at the time actually referred to the best information about the human body that was available at the time.

Fscmswzk8ytwddtej45 Vu3kefgnsuv2xtuxxkrfzjoqz Phffikt7p7n0lcfdg2hhpm0abkuleqabvzdvczno7iilc2wb8htx4jezlmwqtuxtkdnucuvzemcabbmen8 2xnit3pvkqw7kbrrg
Photo Courtesy: Peter Isotalo/Wikimedia Commons

Of course, that information was limited. Medicine during the period was mostly based on practices that originated in ancient Greece. According to these theories, the body was made up of four humors. Study of the human body continued and evolved during this period and helped shape the medicine of today.

People Were Violent

Medieval history is often characterized as a period of immense violence and unspeakable cruelty. In actuality, there is no evidence to support the theory that the Middle Ages were any more or less violent than other eras in human history.

8votjglcfsfxbozltxdwbzr Y0hrsus5em Kbljvn5xpa6lvhb1xjnqadmoq Jghxpw12wqpgurr8 Dank5t61ofikllg4a6o5oqfzkzdba4mmbcxgthadyell F9kxbh4u2g Uttnx Wp2a
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

The romanticizing of knights and castles may have conjured up images of a particularly violent medieval time period in the minds of many. TV series and movies often feed that belief by glorifying the aspects of war that existed during this time, leading the average person to assume such warfare was more common than it really was.

Advertisement

Peasant Life Was Harsh and Brutal

Being a peasant during medieval times is often characterized as a tough and brutal existence. While it’s true that peasants were bound to the authority of the lords who owned the lands they lived on, the lives of peasants include time for rest, relaxation and even recreational games.

Pvkpt4kr2hkjmabgueu8lb4csbrexjzqr57ulsorjxee97yxmclimbmwzrjmj17ivf8pmbiktqxxtmzrx2kztzcg Zlnzoqrydtf Iu25sefyeglvt9g7xwxokf2ue5d9nyldk5oqf1sndpzoq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

The games of chess and checkers were invented during the Middle Ages, and peasants enjoyed playing them when they weren’t working in the fields or doing other work. While chess tended to be a game more suited to royalty, peasants enjoyed a wide variety of recreational games.

The Roofs Were All Thatched

It’s a commonly held belief that all people during the Middle Ages lived in small dwellings with thatched roofs. These roofs were essentially made of straw, and even castles often had thatched roofs during this time. Today, thatched roofs still exist in some parts of Europe.

T9yjefg9b Nzjv5k7ywwa Ovsnl2gosrxfkkau6yzu7jviauwfpwotswtxyiwwutkuy2djdaqurdtwb1 Y4adbbobql4m0x33vwtpvzat23jaqbjurcqejd48 6jhwzfhc3dvyrau Jhnmaima
Photo Courtesy: HdeK/Wikimedia Commons

For the time, thatched roofs did an adequate job protecting inhabitants from the worst of the elements, but they were a fire hazard. In the 13th century, a law was passed forbidding the use of thatched roofs to prevent the spread of fires. The law stated new buildings had to use wooden shingles, stone or clay tiles as roofing.

Hunger and Starvation Regularly Killed People

Certainly, there were famines, droughts, food shortages and bouts of starvation during the Middle Ages, but there is no evidence to support the theory that they occurred any more or less often than they do today. Contrary to popular belief, the average person living during this period had enough to eat.

2kt3lf 77fiukiue6c9x653ypkk9ouxqwhnesaxkkki0czjobzijl7u Slv Tjxm T23mhwnrz7qvht78iddtdso4mpogqewetwjnrhspiu6kc7r094h1qma8phkksl3y8entebvjpm Glbwrw
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

It would have taken something drastic, such as a massive drought, to cause a shortage that kept large numbers of people in a village from eating on a regular basis. That’s not to say that such tragedies didn't occur occasionally, but they weren't as common as most people believe.

Advertisement

Chastity Belts Prevented Women from Having Sex

A commonly held misconception about the Middle Ages is that men forced women to wear chastity belts to prevent them from having sex. There is no evidence to support the theory that chastity belts existed before the 15th century, and they were rarely used after that either.

Sgyah9uodub0lsnjheh7s4fayg8txidknikf2osx2vazfhle 0r4jfh4r1ysat0lrd9elmlqbejmvlwuduelzfq8dsityhqbkvb3l7sbgtykcdqf4mnzokiyrh7ie Iffiltr65pulccwm2pua
Photo Courtesy: AnonMoose/Wikimedia Commons

The devices were used in rare circumstances during the Renaissance period, but there is no evidence they even existed during medieval times. The myth about the popularity of chastity belts likely grew in popularity because people find stories involving them to be quite funny.

The Church Controlled All Knowledge

Many people give the church in the Middle Ages more power than it actually held. The truth is the church did not control all knowledge. It actually spearheaded the creation of several academic institutions, such as the previously mentioned Oxford and Cambridge universities. These institutions were designed to study observable facts rather than religious doctrine.

4sibgp6qjdbhxj58ngone7ochmxnlwqcyucaa0wtduhv Ewgkqlbplspurtv6o8rmpcjfm09ssbbyyrjurzhw7cfpjqzvvkdbqp1rgjwql1cfkjjohf Qfkvtzd7tbqdpsgknpej1wuis31weq
Photo Courtesy: David Iliff/Wikimedia Commons

This detail demonstrates a commitment to the pursuit of knowledge that was independent of the church's teachings. The academic institutions created during the Middle Ages continue to add to our culture's depth of knowledge even today.

Knights Were Always Chivalrous and Valiant

Movies and TV shows that depict the Middle Ages often portray knights as chivalrous and valiant. They are portrayed as always doing the right thing, rescuing princesses and watching over the innocent.

Ztiw8sygrs4ftrifxm30wug7sv0qbcsaew8pedk2vwghevsscrf8dppdwjd0a4g0gyzeslb0m3b4xdw7553u0uc1xjlq6vry8majuxodz Esv0byy92wr6 Zuy6veatu3pfodhbtozjp6zjfeg
Photo Courtesy: Crisco 1492/Wikimedia Commons

While it’s probably true there were some good knights who did this instinctively, they were considered so not chivalrous and so not valiant at one point that laws regarding their conduct had to be created and enforced. In the 13th century, detailed laws dictated what knights were required to do and what they could not do to keep them from abusing their power.

Advertisement

People Only Lived to Their Mid-30s

On average, people only lived until their mid-30s during this period, but that number is misleading. The average lifespan calculation in the Middle Ages was heavily impacted by high infant mortality rates that dramatically brought the overall average lifespan way down.

Kxk1vojmu0r6hbkgyslzwyl2srzztuijo O1mnjsjatqaplwqepnx0rt8hpit7ybpmdujw3yfzkw8ydqkilnv89ukadbekysdihijkzftmqu Xgsgunokwmdq4x73zk4rs Alaombhcm3hxuyw
Photo Courtesy: GoShow/Wikimedia Commons

In truth, it’s believed that if a person lived to see their 20th birthday, they would likely live to see their 50th. Human bodies weren’t so unhealthy during this time that they expired at a faster rate. Rather, medical knowledge simply wasn’t advanced enough to improve infant mortality rates for quite some time.

Vikings Wore Horned Helmets

Many movie fans naturally believe that when the Vikings invaded medieval castles and villages to plunder during the Middle Ages, they wore horned helmets as they did so. Not only is this a misconception, but it’s a myth that’s not even rooted in a tiny bit of truth.

Idy3hpinbhoxzqoh9iwo5dehk6uz21rzm64naqrqkbwywn1p5rys4kutmtgzwlpbjqbnsf6vojxw6zj0cikhzgrl1qevfbrsdjthjnjlv0gt56 Y Uq8jkzjru5lvq6lmv1lgasik35u0z9v1w
Photo Courtesy: Krazytea/Wikimedia Commons

The idea that Vikings wore horned helmets was first introduced by the costume designer Carl Emil Doepler in the 19th century, who made horned helmets for a performance of a Norse saga play titled Der Ring des Nibelungen. The look obviously caught on as a popular depiction of Vikings.

Lords Could Sleep with Any Peasant

The term jus primae noctis refers to a mythical law during the Middle Ages that supposedly stated any nobleman had the right to deflower a virgin bride on her wedding night before her newlywed husband. Some people believe this practice was common during the Middle Ages.

Xacrzkslqb0f2uhmhzx8waya3rlazqjupp72fyfvvnxxog0pwoqbbpsusqov Zpncv6ujpastazjhsg Vmccopuwekzdlxo2ljctzhhnbjo1yu3ztuvuy3f3vgpzovldltmjckkwqpebgm2xjg
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

However, there is no evidence to support the theory that such a law ever existed at all during any time period. The first mention of this so-called law occurred in the tale "Epic of Gilgamesh," but it does not appear to have actually taken place outside of works of fiction.

Advertisement

Torture Was Common

It goes without saying that more torture occurred during the Middle Ages than what we would ever see today, but it wasn't as widespread as people sometimes think. Torture devices, such as the rack, commonly shown in movies and TV shows set in the Middle Ages didn’t actually exist until the 1500s.

N6p9um58u8kdu3etti4w9avyhusv8sloyqdb5s94lxambebn Q1pbpx38bo5htlrswf4qh Akhhojeezdjouztrtsdhvao8vbcwsbcqgofoor Eo Vuntpyi5gpopwzba Mmv1mgnybvawlnbq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

Public beheadings rarely occurred, despite what is often suggested by movies and TV shows. Executions were reserved for the worst crimes and were usually carried out by hanging. Even repeat offenders of small crimes were often usually just banished after their third offense.

Tomatoes Were Believed to Be Poisonous

Rumor has it people were afraid of tomatoes during the Middle Ages, believing they were poisonous. In fact, the tomato does have a strange history of people fearing it. In the late 1700s, many people did believe tomatoes were poisonous because some wealthy Europeans died after eating them.

Dlnnfagm2odkls5aw1wsexrscte81xy3urxqfkkzcpxrxxb3w9ftszjfa4hstqdstjgetclj71rkjwkzjgkzumefn7u4jygljc5dw4adq5bcoqn Tdtnkcdsrbfiyipleyks Fzqvae4lvw Bq
Photo Courtesy: tomekwalecki/Pixabay

Of course, it was later revealed that the high lead content from the pewter plates actually led to the poisoning. In the Middle Ages, Europe hadn't yet imported any tomatoes from South America, so it would have been impossible for people to be afraid of eating them.

People Ate with Their Hands

Eating with your hands was more common in the Middle Ages than it is today, but it wasn’t as common as people think. Contrary to popular belief, people had access to wooden cutlery during this period, and they used it often. Wooden forks and spoons were first used in Italy during the 11th century.

7mquhqaj2zsyr2npgle5gxedvfqjnl7 Hwoxs0zkaybwsgqchhxsckuha1tuaoxxyfsnl Lg0huegsd24gcldhg Atbnyly Wy9erlruoc07itgebgcasn1dbkqjbiptudccsuie T7y3 F27q
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

The frequency and types of foods people ate with their hands likely varied by village and even by individual during this period. The idea that medieval feasts were consumed solely by grabbing food and shoveling it in isn’t correct.

Advertisement

Torches Were Used Everywhere

Movies and TV shows depicting the Middle Ages always seem to involve a lot of burning torches. If characters walk down a long hallway, you can bet that hallway will be illuminated with a series of torches. This wouldn’t have been possible, however.

Tnoiyjpmzsonkzd4aaapp2fikgsogyfbcsboxwsabxec0pqbdba2xg7iwzquj Sy9cojqwrzjzbs5qypaya5xgjkjm0vba7mbqpg1ko5 Bh05a8bsdtci9vcfksiqmh3rbu90dd9turx0mxw0q
Photo Courtesy: barthelskens/Pixabay

Most torches during this period could only burn for an hour at most before dying out. This made them very ill-suited for illuminating rooms and hallways for extended periods of time. People typically used candles to light their way in the dark, and torches were not as common.

Peasants Were a Single Class of People

When you think of the various social classes during the Middle Ages, you probably think of peasants as a single class of people ranking lower than nobility or military. Depending on the region and village, however, there was a great degree of variability in class among the peasants. A hierarchy existed that ranked some peasants above others.

1sjhgdnkm4 9t Epoaagawap17ksecpjcjpctzhf5 9z2lnonba2l6i4pmvemai Fqdguh3lrewxxlay2i Z4c7xallvcadq1kzd6ka7ocb5illt Xte3ztb2bfk44dxl0wpb2jgbvfboeasug
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

During this period, the idea that all people were equal wasn’t a commonly held belief. Just as nobles were considered better than peasants, some peasants were considered more important than other peasants.

Everyone Was Religious

While it’s true that the church and Christianity were major authorities during the Middle Ages, it’s not accurate to say that all people during this period were religious. In fact, some of the earliest expressed beliefs of atheism were made during the Middle Ages.

Xhfc32vn8weurpn6wdc8ga9 Enh028a6naghc9bs0ez1pbwhsgs1pu1ritfnkbnwc9csrc9mrqdfg9zcdc5hwvp6hkgbyqgfc060ygrwxw6dyoozaobdy0mz9vitilk2uwgppmrsycbz7la8pq
Photo Courtesy: Public Domain/Wikimedia Commons

There are records of large numbers of tradesmen, merchants and even members of noble households who were accused of making statements against the church and in contrast to the teachings of Christianity. Many people during this time expressed doubts about the church's teachings and even the nature of the church itself.

Advertisement